Last week I introduced the Service Broker Basics. Today I'd like to cover some of the "plumbing" - the components that allow communication between different servers running Service Broker.
Endpoints. There needs to be a channel for the communications coming in and out of the server, and in the IP world that channel exists in the form of a port. You define the port to be used by defining an Endpoint in the master database.
CREATE ENDPOINT IntEndpoint
STATE = STARTED
AS TCP ( LISTENER_PORT = 4022 )
FOR SERVICE_BROKER (AUTHENTICATION = WINDOWS );
Routes. To get from one place to another Service Broker routes need to be defined. You'll need a route to the remote server defined in the database where your Service Broker application is running, and also one to the local server, and the latter needs to be defined in the msdb database. Defining a remote destination in your application database places the route information in sys.routes, but Service Broker always looks in msdb.sys.routes for any incoming messages to determine where they go.
CREATE ROUTE DMZRoute
SERVICE_NAME = N'//DMZSite/Sync/IntService',
ADDRESS = N'TCP://SQLTBWS:4023'
CREATE ROUTE IntRoute
SERVICE_NAME = N'//IntSite/Sync/IntService',
ADDRESS = N'LOCAL'
One thing I hadn't addressed in my last post was message security. Service Broker allows you to encrypt all messages, preventing network sniffers from discovering the data being sent. To enable this I created certificates at each site, and created a database user without a login to send and receive messages. Here's the code I used to create the local user:
CREATE MASTER KEY
ENCRYPTION BY PASSWORD = N'<enter REALLY secure password string here>';
CREATE USER IntUser WITHOUT LOGIN;
CREATE CERTIFICATE IntCert
WITH SUBJECT = 'Int Certificate',
EXPIRY_DATE = N'12/31/2012';
BACKUP CERTIFICATE IntCert
TO FILE = N'E:\Certs\IntCert.cer';
I did the same thing at the destination site (called DMZSite), and to allow the DMZUser to send messages to my site I'll create a local user from the certificate created at that site.
CREATE USER DMZUser WITHOUT LOGIN;
CREATE CERTIFICATE DMZCert
FROM FILE = N'E:\Certs\DMZCert.cer';
Remote Service Binding. Once the users are established and secure, the last component required is the Remote Service Binding. This binds a remote Service Broker service to our local one, defining the security credentials to be used in the conversations.
CREATE REMOTE SERVICE BINDING [DMZBinding]
TO SERVICE N'//DMZSite/Sync/IntService'
WITH USER = [DMZUser]
Finally, we'll grant the SEND permission to the DMZUser to allow the remote service to send messages to our site.
As I mentioned before, this set of objects make up the "plumbing" that allow separate instances or servers to communicate with each other. In my next post we'll talk about the automated activation process and walk through the steps of message handling.